"A promotion plan for an employee is usually the responsibility of the promoter, not the promotee. That’s because a promotion means a role with greater responsibility — managing a new project, replacing someone who has left, or expanding a current job with more staff or tasks. The need for that new or bigger role is decided by the higher-ups as part of solving a business problem in line with the company’s goals. Since it’s not typical for the goals of the organization to be set by an employee, we know your boss is playing some kind of game by making you guess what it will take to get promoted..."
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Source: HarvardBiz Blog